Friday, June 18, 2010

Ho Chi Minh (contd-2)

In the Soviet Union and China
In1923, Ho left Paris for Moscow, where he was appointed by Comintern , and he participated in the Fifth Comintern Congress in June 1924, before arriving in Canton (Guanzhou)China, in Nov 1924.
He married a Chinese woman, Thang Tuyet Minh (Zing Xueming) on 18 Oct 1926 because he wanted a lady who wouldteach him Chinese and look after his house.She was 21 and he was 36. He left Canton and returned to Moscow again in 1927. He had to move for organising Communist Party in different countries and he was arrested at Hong Kong in June 1931.Around 1940, he regularly used the name Ho Chi Minh, meaning "brighter light."
In Sept 1940, the Japanese army invaded Indochina. Paris being occupied by Germany, the French authority surrendered to Japanese without putting any resistance.Seeing this as an advantage, Ho Chi Minh and his followers took this opportunity to Free their country from foreign domination formed an organisation, Vietminh,  under the leadership of General Vo Nguyen Glap  and began a guerilla campaign against the Japanese.
They received weapons and ammunitions from Soviet Unionand after the bombing of Pearl Harbour, they also obtained supplies from US
When the Japanese surrendered to the allies in Aug. 1945, the Vietminh was in a good positionto take over the control of the country.
In Sep. 1945, Ho Chi Minh announced the formation of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. But it was unknown to them that in a summit discussion of Roosevelt, Churchil and Stalin, Vietnam was divided in two parts , North and South at the end of the second World War.