Tuesday, June 8, 2010

Benazir Bhutto (1953-2007)

Benazir Bhutto was a Pakistani Politician who chaired the Pakistan People's Party (PPP), a centre-left political party in pakistan.Bhutto was the first woman elected to lead a Muslim state, having twice been Prime Minister of Pakistan, (1988-1990, 1993-1996). She was Pakistan's first and to date only female Prime Minister.She was the eldest child of former Pakistani Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and Nusrat Bhutto, and was the wife of current Pakistani President Asif Ali Zardari.
Bhutto was sworn in as Prime Minister for the first time in 1988at the age of 35,but was removed from office 20 months later under the  order of the then President Ghlam Ishaq Khan on grounds of alleged corruption.In 1993 she was again re-elected but was again removed in 1996 on similar charges, this time by President farooq Leghari. She went into self-imposed exile in Dubai i 1998.
Bhutto returned to Pakistan on 18 Oct 2007, after reaching an understanding with President Pervez Musharraf by which she was granted amnesty and all corruption charges were withdrawn.But she was assassinated on on 27 Dec 2007, after departing a PPP rally in the Pakistani city of Rawalpindi, two weeks before the scheduled Pakistani general election of 2008 where she was a leading opposition candidate.  The following year she was named one of seven winners of the United Nations Prize in the field of human rights.
Al-Qaeda commander Mustafa Abu al-Yazid claimed resposibility for the attack, describing bBhutto as the most precious American Assets.