Sunday, May 23, 2010

Pakistan after Independence

After Independence Jinnah became the first Governor-General. The newly established country ended up with few natural resources, little manufacturing capability and relatively little of the Raj's (British) old administrative-commercial infrustructure. Since the time of Maurya dynasty the  modern civilisation was developed outside the regions, presently known as Pakistan. Though Pakistan was the centre of Ancient civilisation, such as Mehrgarh, Harappa and Mohenjo-daro, Vedic and Arya, but  the modern infrustructure was developed after the time of Asoke and all the Capitals of different King's in different times were located in the regions specified as India. The main ptroblem the pakistan had to face was simply that there were two Pakistans, separated by 1600 km of Hostile (?) India.
The West Pakistan ( which is now the actual Pakistan) , consisted of  Baluchistan,Sindh, West Punjab (including what is now NWFP) and -pending a Kashmir settlement-so-called Azad (Free) Kashmir and Northern Areas, while Bengal  and part of Sylhet district made up east Pakistan. Though the west was militarily dominant, Bengalis made up slightly more than half the population, and their tea and jute supplied most of the countries export earnings. The language issue had added more to their differences which caused an ultimate separation though they had a common Religion, Muslim. Language is one of the important factor determining one nation's identity which disowned the Two Nation theory enunciated by Jinnah.
In Sept. 1948, barely a year of Independence and in the midst of the war with India, Jinnah died of Tuberculosis.His death was a great set back for the country struggling for survival.
Funeral of Jinnah :