island country and commonwealth realm consisting of the island of Grenada and six smaller islands at the southern end of the Grenadines in the southeastern Caribbean Sea. Grenada is located northwest of Trinidad and Tobago, northeast of Venezuela, and southwest of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.
Grenada is also known as the "Island of Spice" because of the production of
nutmeg and mace crops of which Grenada
is one of the world's largest exporters. Its size is 344 square kilometres
(133 sq mi), with an estimated population of 110,000. Its capital is St.
George's. The national bird of Grenada is the critically endangered Grenada Dove.
As a Commonwealth realm, Queen Elizabeth II is Queen of
Grenada and Head of State. The Crown is represented by a Governor-General, who is
currently Carlyle Glean. Day-to-day executive power lies with the Head of
Government, the Prime Minister. Although appointed by the Governor-General, the
Prime Minister is usually the leader of the largest party in the Parliament.
The Parliament consists of a Senate (thirteen members) and a House of
Representatives (fifteen members). The senators are appointed by the government
and the opposition, while the representatives are elected by the population for
On February 19, 2013, Prime Minister Keith Claudius Mitchell, 65, led the New
National Party (NNP) to victory with a clean sweep of 15 seats. Mitchell was
sworn into office on February 21 and is the country's ninth prime minister since
it attained political independence from Britain in 1974.
Grenada is a full and participating member of both the Caribbean Community
(CARICOM) and the Organisation of Eastern
Caribbean States (OECS).
The military of Grenada comprises two branches: