Tuesday, May 21, 2013

Geography of Morocco

Geography and Climate of Morocco

Morocco is geographically located in Northern Africa along the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. It is bordered by Algeria and Western Sahara. It also still shares borders with two enclaves that are considered a part of Spain - Ceuta and Melilla. The topography of Morocco varies as its northern coast and interior regions are mountainous, while its coast features fertile plains where much of the country's agriculture takes place. There are also valleys interspersed between Morocco's mountainous areas. The highest point in Morocco is Jebel Toubkal which rises to 13,665 feet (4,165 m), while its lowest point is Sebkha Tah which is -180 feet (-55 m) below sea level.
The climate of Morocco, like its topography, also varies with location. Along the coast it is Mediterranean with warm, dry summers and mild winters. Farther inland, the climate is more extreme and the closer one gets to the Sahara Desert, the hotter and more extreme it gets. For example Morocco's capital, Rabat is located on the coast and it has an average January low temperature of 46˚F (8˚C) and an average July high temperature of 82˚F (28˚C). By contrast, Marrakesh, which is located farther inland, has an average July high temperature of 98˚F (37˚C) and a January average low of 43˚F (6˚C)