Thursday, May 23, 2013

Agriculture in morocco

Agriculture in Morocco employs about 40% of the nations workforce. And thus, is the largest employer in the country. In the rainy sections of the northwest, barley, wheat, and other cereals can be raised without irrigation. On the Atlantic coast, where there are extensive plains, olives, citrus fruits, and wine grapes are grown, largely with water supplied by artesian wells. Morocco also produces a significant amount of illicit hashish, much of which is shipped to Western Europe. Livestock are raised and forests yield cork, cabinet wood, and building materials. Part of the maritime population fishes for its livelihood. Agadir, Essaouira, El Jadida, and Larache are among the important fishing harbors.
Moroccan agricultural production also consists of orange, tomatoes, potatoes, olives, and olive oil. High quality agricultural products are usually exported to Europe. Morocco produces enough food for domestic consumption except for grains, sugar, coffee and tea. More than 40% of Morocco's consumption of grains and flour is imported from the United States and France.
Agriculture industry in Morocco enjoys a complete tax exemption. Many Moroccan critics say that rich farmers and large agricultural companies are taking too much benefit of not paying the taxes, and that poor farmers are struggling with high costs and are getting very poor support from the state.

Below is a table of the agricultural output of Morocco according to estimates of the UN Food & Agriculture Organisation, data is from 2009:
RankCommodityValue (Int $1000)Production (MT)Quantity world rankValue world rank
2Indigenous Chicken Meat635,889446,424NANA
5Indigenous Cattle Meat433,257160,384NANA
6Cow milk, whole, fresh409,5661,750,000NANA
8Indigenous Sheep Meat325,935119,706NANA
9Almonds, with shell307,240104,11555
12Hen eggs, in shell221,668267,267NANA
13String beans173,716182,18033
17Onions, dry136,521650,0002323
18Other melons (inc.cantaloupes)134,386730,00088
19Tangerines, mandarins, clem.128,945522,0001212
20Anise, badian, fennel, corian.127,12623,00077
UN Food & Agriculture Organisation (FAO) 2009 data.