Monday, January 9, 2012

Muslim Attitufe Towards the Partition of Bengal

Three factors completely changed the Muslim attitude towards the "Partition of Bengal";
1. Lord Curzon's  visit to India,
2. Curzon's won over to his side Nawab Salimullah of Dacca, and
3.A loan of Rs.14 lakhs with low interest to the Nawab of Dacca.
The Aligarh movement had emphasized the position of the Muslims as a distinct political unit  -- a separate nation -- in the body politic of India. The addition of the rich and fertile Province of Eastern Bengal and Assam as  a second unit (the first being the Punjab) with majority of Muslim populaion was naturally welcome to the Muslims.
In a meeting of the Muslim leaders of India , held at Dacca on 30th Dec., 1906, a resolution was passed upholding the "Partition of Bengal" as beneficial to the community and depreciating both agitation against it and the Boycott movement. The Central Committee of the Muslim league, which was founded in the meeting at Dacca, passed a resolutionin 1908 expressing grave concern over the Hindu movement against the partition and the hope of the benifit accorded by the Government towards the salvation of the Musalmans of Eastern Bengal. In the Annual session of the League held at Amritsar in Dec 1908, it expressed vehement opposition to all " mischievous efforts" to unsettle the settled fact of the Partition of Bengfal
Reference may be made in this connection to the meeting of the Imperial Council in 1910 in which Mr. Bhupendra Nath Basu (Bhupendra Nath Bose (1859 – 1924) was an Indian politician and President of the Indian National Congress in 1914.

Bose was born in Krishnanagar, West Bengal in 1859. He graduated from the Presidency College, Calcutta in 1880. He completed his master's degree in 1881 and his law degree in 1883.
From 1904 to 1910, Bose was a member of the Bengal Legislature. During this period, he was involved in the nationalist movement. In 1905 he presided over the Bengal Provincial Conference held at Mymensingh. He joined the anti-partition agitation and campaign against British goods throughout Bengal. He opposed the passing of the Press Act in 1910. He became the President of the Indian National Congress in 1914) proposed to raise the question of reversing the Partition of Bengal. Both