Tuesday, July 5, 2011

More revolts against British rule

After enforcing the supremacy of British rule in India the colonial authorities began to stop the activities of the local kings.To do this,  they implemented  Doctrine of Lapses, during the period of Lord Dalhousie. By this rule they annexed the territory of the Kings without having direct descendant. During 1848-1858 they annexed the states of Satara, Nagpur, Jhansi,Sambalpur and many other states.They abolished the title of King of Tanjore and Nawab of Carnatak (Arcot) after their death. They had seized the largest cotton producing land from Nijam of Hyderabad  for unrealisation of loan and from 1831 Mysore came under  direct administration of British rule.Though the King of Peshwa got his pension but his son was deprived of that. Due to the complain of misrule Ayodhya was removed from the map of India from1856.
The first half of the 19th century was fully covered through out India with the revolts of the farmers, tribes, and declassed feudals. All the Palayakkara of Uttar Sarkar at the begining of 19th century began to revolt. The British had to lathicharged many times. The revolt of 1831 continued for some years.
In 1807 the whole of Delhi was flared up with revolt. In 1814 the farmers of Rajput few miles off from Banaras revolted. For taxation of the taxfree land, the farmers of Orissa revolted. Ultimately the Government agreed to minimise their  tax.
Wahhabi Movement:
The Wahabi movement was a part of freedom struggle of India as it offered a serious threat to British supremacy in the 19th century. Ir lasted for quite a large period.The movement was led by one of the ex-military commander of Holkar named Syed Ahmed Barelbi (1786-1831) who was greatly influenced by the teaching of Abdul Wahab of Arabia.and the preaching of Delhi saint Wallulah  He lodged war against those coming from other countries and occupied their motherland.The farmers of Bengal Bihar and artisans of the cities and small business man came forward at his response.  They also wanted to establish the social justice within the country.. After being driven out of Bihar they gathered in tribal areas of Pashtoons. There Syed Ahmed lost his life in the fight between Sikh and Wahhabi. In 1831, 3-4 thousand armed Wahhabi occupied a small city at Barasat and proceeded to Calcutta . But the gatherings was dispersed after stiff fighting.The movement was mainly concentrated in Hyderabad, Chennai, Bengal, Uttar Pradesh and Mumbai..
Pharaji movement was a branch of Wahabi Movement whose leader was Hazi Sariyat.This was a farmers movement of medieval era. In 1852 these movements got wide support from the army. The British took up brutal measures during the period 1863-1865.