In support of his general condemnation of the company's rule in India he has given a long list of grievances, under twelve different heads, against the British administration. The most important of these may be summed up as follows:
1. The English officers are not accessible and so Indians cannot place their grievances before them.
2. The difference in language and customs plays an important role,
3. The system of administration, slow in nature, lack of personal element,
4. Deprivation of trade and commerce,
5. Partiality towards the English men,
6. The strange character of their laws and judicial procedure.
Discontent and Disaffection of the Sepoys
The East India Company's army were mainly divided in two section. One consisting of native personal as sepoy, and junior officers , the other section conisted of only Europeans in supirior posts with superior salaries and facilities.
Revolts before 1857
Before the First War of Independence (1857), Indians in different parts of India had revolted against the British. Many such revolts and armed struggles had taken place. Some examples include:
- A revolt in 1787 took place in Goa against the rule of Portugal. The historians call this revolt as the Conspiracy of the Pintos.
- Revolts by many local rulers of Tamil people in southern India.
- A rebellion by tribes of Jharkhand in India. Historians call this Santal Rebellion
- Rebellion under the leadership of Titumir in Bengal.