Sunday, October 31, 2010

Re-establishment of Mughal Empire

While capturing the areas occupying by Rajputs, Sher Shah died in a fort in Rajputana namely Kalinjar Fort, in 1545. After the death of Shershah,  his youngest son ascended the throne and ruled the kingdom till 1554. But when he died, It was found that there were four claimants of the throne.Humayun under such circumstances came back again with a multinational army comprising of Turk, Parsea, Afghan, Turkman, and Uzbeck occuppied the throne of Delhi and re-established Mughal Kingdom again.When Akbar ascended the throne in Delhi,  following the death of hs father Humayun he was only 13 years old.During his reign he eliminated the military threat from the powerful Pastun descendants of SherShah and he defeated the newly self declared Hindu King Hemu in the battle of Panipath II. it took at least two decades to consolidate his power and bring all the parts of northern and central India into his direct realm.He influenced the whole of the Indian subcontinent as he was governing a lrger portion of India.As an Emperor Akbar solidified his rule by pursuing diplomacy with the powerful Hindu Rajputs and by admitting Rajput princes into his harem.
Akbar's reign significantly influenced art and culture in the country. He took a great interest in painting in painting , and had the walls of his palaces adorned with murals.Besides encouraging the development of the Mughal school, he also patronised the Ehropean style of painting. He was also fond of literature , and had several sanskrit works translated into Persian and Persian scriptures translated in sanskrit apart from getting many persian works illustrated by painters from hyis court.During the early years of his rule he had intolerant attitude towards Hindus and the other religions.but he excercised great tolerance after he began marriage alliancees with Rajput princes.