The known history of Mauritius begins with its discovery by Europeans and its appearance on maps in the early sixteenth century. Mauritius was successively colonized by the Dutch, the French and the British, and became independent in 1968.
- 1 Discovery
- 2 Portuguese sailors (1507–1513)
- 3 Dutch sailors (1598–1637)
- 4 Dutch colonization (1638–1710)
- 5 French rule (1710–1810)
- 6 British rule (1810–1968)
- 7 Indentured labour
- 8 Towards independence
- 9 From independence to the end of the twentieth century
- 10 Present day.
- However, it was not until 1638 that there was a first attempt of Dutch settlement. It was from here that the famous Dutch navigator Tasman set out to discover the western part of Australia. The first Dutch settlement lasted only twenty years. Several attempts were subsequently made, but the settlements never developed enough to produce dividends and the Dutch finally left Mauritius in 1710. They are remembered for the introduction of sugar-cane, domestic animals and deer.