Saturday, October 29, 2011

History of Armed Revolution - Women's partiipation;

Women participation increased in the second phase of the movement in the late 1920s. Young girls mostly from well off families, now took part in 'actions ' and began to stir the nationwith their exploits. They participated in large scale in Non-Cooperation (1921) and Civil Disobedience movemnets.
 Wife of Benimadhab Das, Sarala Devi was daughter of Madhusudan Sen, who after serving as secretary of Sadharan Brahmo Samaj at Kolkata shifted his base to Dhaka on retirement. She was actively involved in social welfare activities. He used to assist in the functioning of Sarala Punyashram an organisation she had set up for the assistance of destitute and helpless women.
Kalyani Das (Bhattacharya) and Bina Das (Bhaumik) were their daughters. Kalyani Das (1907-1983) was a leading social activist and revolutionary worker. She was one of the organisers of Chhatri Sangha and was secretary of Students’ Association. Apart from her political activities for which she went to jail, she was associated with Sarala Punyashram all her life.] Bina Das (1911-1986) shot into prominence when she fired her pistol at the governor of Bengal, Stanley Jackson, in 1932, at the annual convocation meeting of Calcutta University. The attempt failed but she was sentenced to nine years’ imprisonment.
Girls in Action :
Until the beginning of the 1930s women did not take part in any revolutionary actions.Young girls was not satisfied with their studies only. They began to establish contact with secret groups.
Imagine Kalpana is a documentary on the eminent freedom fighter Kalpana Dutta. The film traces her life and her achievements in the decade of the thirties, when Kalpana Dutta was a part of a revolutionary brigade based in Chittagong (now in Bangladesh) that defied and led an armed struggle against the British government between 1930 and 1934.
In May 1931, however, Santi Ghosh and Suniti Choudhry, two Coomilla girls , flatly asked Subhas Chandra when he came to address a students' conference whether he would like girls in action. Subhas Chandra answered in the affirmative.