Monday, October 17, 2011

History of armed Revolution against British rule (contd-4)

Wahhabi Movement:

The Wahabi movement was a part of freedom struggle of India as it offered a serious threat to British supremacy in the 19th century. Ir lasted for quite a large period.The movement was led by one of the ex-military commander of Holkar named Syed Ahmed Barelbi (1786-1831) who was greatly influenced by the teaching of Abdul Wahab of Arabia.and the preaching of Delhi saint Wallulah He lodged war against those coming from other countries and occupied their motherland.The farmers of Bengal Bihar and artisans of the cities and small business man came forward at his response. They also wanted to establish the social justice within the country.. After being driven out of Bihar they gathered in tribal areas of Pashtoons. There Syed Ahmed lost his life in the fight between Sikh and Wahhabi. In 1831, 3-4 thousand armed Wahhabi occupied a small city at Barasat and proceeded to Calcutta . But the gatherings was dispersed after stiff fighting.The movement was mainly concentrated in Hyderabad, Chennai, Bengal, Uttar Pradesh and Mumbai..

Pharaji movement was a branch of Wahabi Movement whose leader was Hazi Sariyat.This was a farmers movement of medieval era. In 1852 these movements got wide support from the army. The British took up brutal measures during the period 1863-1865
Vasudeo Balwant Phadke (Marathi: वासुदेव बळवंत फडके About this sound pronunciation ) (4 November 1845 – 17 February 1883) was an Indian revolutionary and is widely regarded as the father of the armed struggle for India's independence. Phadke was moved by the plight of the farmer community during British Raj. Phadke believed that ‘Swaraj’ was the only remedy for their ills. With the help of Kolis, Bhils and Dhangars communities in Maharastra, Vasudev formed a revolutionary group called as Ramoshi. The group started an armed struggle to overthrow the British Raj. The group launched raids on rich English businessmen to obtain funds for their liberation struggle. Phadke came into limelight when he got control of the city of Pune for a few days when he caught the British soldiers off guard during one of his surprise attacks.
Historian Dr. Amalendu De , recently wrote a long essay titled , " Role of revolutionary movement in the early years of the struggle of Indian Independence". In this essay he mentioned struggle of Vasudeo Balawant Phadke.