Monday, August 29, 2011

Working Class movement in England ( Contd-1)

Chartist Movement;
In 1838-1839 the Chartist movement began to receive an influx of proletarians of the factory regions of England and Scotland, miners of Wales, low-paid sections of London workers and workmen of the declining manual trades. August 1838 saw the beginning of a broad discussion of the petition compiled in 1837, which the Chartist leaders intended to address to parliament . Mammoth labour rallies in Manchester, Glasgow, Newcastle and many other cities discussed the draft of the petition and elected their representatives to the nation wide forum of Chartists - the Universal convention of the of Industrial classes .
In February 1839, the first Chartist convention opened in London. In July 1840, the National Charter Association -the first mass political organisation of the working class of England was set up which Lenin said, as 'preparation of Marxism.' In 1848, an Economic depression aggravated the plight of the workers. Engels wrote : ' Chartism was a purely a working -men's cause freed from all bourgeois elements.'
Chartism was a great achievement for the working class-the legislative institution of a 10-hour working day in June 1847.