Saturday, October 6, 2012

Nicaragua - Recapitulation

Nicaragua has often held geographical significance greater than its size and population(around four million) in the nineteenth century. it had repeated external intervention to contribute the turbulance of the nation's politics.
The emergence of a ntion-state arguably continued in the last decade of the twentieth century as the Nicaraguan Revolution (1979-1990) ended, although independence came in 1823. despite periods of relative stability ( 1857-1893, 1936-  1977), power of conflicts between Liberal and Conservative elites were repeatedly violent from independence until 1960s.
The united States in 1911 installed a conservative regime to protect the US monopoly over the Panama canal, occpied Nicaragua (1912-1925) to contain Liberal rebellion. Liberal revolt again brought US occupation (1927-1933); US marines, and the US trained Nicaraguan National Guard fought anti-imperialist  guirrilla Augusto Cesar Sandino who seized power in 1936 till he was assassinated in 1956. The power passed to his sons Luis (1956-1967), and the more repressive Anastasio Somoza Debayle (1967- 1979). the dictatorial dynastry promoted rapid economic  " modernization characterised  by "corruption, increased economic inequality, and deterioration of the PLN conservative parties. Spiraling repression eventually deepened opposition, spawned a revolutionary coalition headed by Frente Sandinista de Liberation National (FSLN) , and caused widespread popular insurrection that toppledthe regime in 1979.