Wednesday, October 10, 2012

Angola - Geography

The Republic of Angola, is the sixth african country of bigger dimension, with an area of about 1.246.700 Km2, a coast of 1.650 and a terrestrial border of 4.837 Kms.

The territory of the Republic of Angola is situated in the occidental coast of the Austral Africa, on the South of the Equator, between the parallels 4º 22' and 18º 02', being limited on the North, by the Republic of the Congo Brazavilean and the Democratic Republic of the Congo , on the East by Zambia, on the South by Namibia and on West by the Atlantic Ocean, including still the Province of Cabinda, situated on the North, between the Congo-Brazavile and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The population is esteemed to 14 million inhabitants and its politico-administrative division understands 18 provinces.
Angola is an upland country whose altitude varies between 1,000 and 1,500 meters limited by a narrow low land band in the coastal region. Its bigger altitude meets in the Mount of the Moco, in the Province of Huambo, at 2,620 meters. A country of well distinct climates, Angola presents from the dry climate of the desert, to the tropical rainy one of savannah, and tempered by the effect of the altitude. The principals hidrographic basins are of the rivers Zaire, Mbridge, Kwanza (the greater), Queve, Kunene and Kuando. The river Kwanza with 1.000 Kms of extension is the greater and more navigable Angolan river. The famous falls of Kalandula are formed in the river Lucala, its tributary.
The flora presents five types of natural zones: wet flora (Maiombe), savannah associates with bush (Luanda), dry savannah with trees and shrubs (East), steppe, throughout a coastal band (Sumbe) and desert-like, in the south extremity of the country (desert of the Namibe) which offers an only species to them in the world - the Welwitchia Mirablis - it doesn't has stem and presents solely roots and leaves.
The fauna is notable, since the Giant Black Palanca in the National Park of Kangandala in the province of Malange, gorillas and tchimpanzes in Maiombe, to seixa, pacaça, elephant, goat of fan, guelengue of the desert, hyena, lion, leopard, hippopotamo, at National Park of Lona, at the Province of Namibe rinoceronte, elephant, Guelengue of the desert, zebra, leopard etc. At the National Park of Mupa, at the Province of Cunene, for the special protection of the Giraffe and where we can find also Elephants, and ostrich, and in the rivers, crocodiles, alligators and sengues. It exists nine reserves and parks for protection of the animals, some of them threatened of extinguishing.
Source: Monografia de Angol