Monday, May 30, 2011

Wars fought during Clive and Wellesly (contd-2)

About Madras and Bombay (1761-1770)
1761- Subadar Salabat Jung of South India was arrested and thrown to Jail by his brother Nijam Ali who declared himself as a Nijam. But the 'Treaty of Paris' (1763) settled Mahammad Ali as the Nawab of Karnatak and Salabat Jung as the Subadar of South. On the other hand,  the king of Tanjor agreed to pay the maintenancee fees of the English soldiers at Karnatak. Salabat Jung was killed by his brother Nijam Ali who declared war against British but became defeated by British very easily and the King of Delhi declared that the Nawab of Karnatak would hence forth be independent.
1765- Clive made the King of Delhi agreed that to hand over Uttar Sarkar to British. This was settled in the First treaty of Nijam (1765) in exchange he had to post two battalion soldiers with 6 Cannom and pay Rs. 8 lakhs.
1761- Haider Ali became king of Mysore and occupied Bednor in 1763 and South Kanara in 1764.
1765- King of Berar, Madhab Rao Raghoji Bhonsla and brother of Peshwa, Raghobar sent soldiers against Haider Ali. Haider Ali after  being defeated twice had to give 32 lakhs of rupees and the areas outside Mysore .
1766- But Haider again occupied  Calicut and Malabar. Then Nijam of Peshwa made an alliance with British.
1767- Ist War of Mysore-
The second half of the eighteenth century was a period of great confusion in Indian history which witnessed the rise of a colonial power. The only state which offered stiff resistance to their expansion was Mysore, which fought not one but four wars. Tipu participated in all those four Mysore wars, in two of which he inflicted serious blows on the English. In fact Tipus rule starts in the midst of a war against the English and ends in the midst of war against them. His short but stormy rule was eventful for his several engagements with his neighbours, the Marathas and the Nizam, as well, whose shortsighted policy prompted them to join the colonials against Mysore.
In the First Mysore war Tipu, a lad of 17 years, suddenly surprised the English when he appeared at the gates of Madras in September 1767. He caused great consternation to the Governor of Madras, to the Nawab of Carnatic, Muhammed Ali, and to almost all Councilors who very narrowly escaped being taken in the country-house in the Company's garden. Happily for them a small vessel that by accident was opposite the garden furnished them with the means of escaping. Thus, it was a providential escape of the entire Madras government, which were about to be captured by Tipu, who had been in independent command of a body of troops in the First Mysore war.