Friday, April 1, 2011

Battle of Swally,1612

The naval battle of Swally took place on 29-30 November, 1612 off the coast of Suvali (anglicised name Swally), a village near the city of Surat, Gujarat, India, and was a victory for four English East India Company galleons over four Portuguese naus and 26 barks ( rowing vessels with no armament).
This battle marked the begining of the end of Portugal's commercial monopoly over India, and the begining of the ascent of the English East India Company's presence in India.
This battle also convinced the English East India Company to establish a small navy to safeguard their commercial interests from other European powers and also frompirates. This small begining is regarded as the root of the modern Indian navy
The background to this battle also points to the main reason for the Dutch organised campaign in 1602.
This battle was the result of the Portuguese monopoly over trade withIndia in the late 15th and 16th centuries. Two English ventures, The Company of Merchant Adventurers (established in 1551) which became the Muscovy Company in 1555, and the English East India Company also known as "John Company", (established in 1600)  were desparately attempting to find the routes to the East Indies and the spice trade.
English East India Company defeated Portuguese in a naval battle at Swally.