Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) consists of 607 islands extending 1,800 miles (2,900 km) across the archipelago of the Caroline Islands east of the Philippines. They are grouped into four states: Yap, Chuuk (called Truk until January 1990), Pohnpei (called Ponape until November 1984), and Kosrae. The federal capital is Palikir, on Pohnpei. Separated from the four main island groups are the islands of Nukuoro and Kapingamarangi, which geographically and politically are part of Micronesia, but linguistically and culturally form part of Polynesia: the languages spoken on these two islands are of the Samoic family of Polynesian languages.
FSM enjoys a tropical climate, with quite even, warm temperatures throughout
the year. Rainfall is generally plentiful, and Pohnpei reputedly is one of the
wettest places on earth, with up to 330 inches (8.4 m) of rain per year.
Nevertheless, drought conditions do occur periodically throughout FSM,
especially when the El Niño
condition moves into the Western Pacific, when groundwater supplies can dwindle
to emergency proportions. Tropical typhoons are an annual threat, particularly
to the low-lying atolls.
Location: Oceania, island
group in the northern Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way
from Hawaii to Indonesia.
This is a list of the extreme points of the Federated States of Micronesia,
the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other