Saturday, November 5, 2011

History of Armed revolution - The Role of News Papers

News Papers in English and Bengali at the beginning of 20th century was propagating paptriotism and Nationalism amongst the people of India. Though the most of the papers were not revolutionary such as Amrita Bazar Patrika, Bengali, Sanjibani, Hitabadi, The Don and Don Socities Magazine, Bengali Weekly NabaShakti, Barishal Hitaishi, Chattogramer Jyoti etc. News papers were also published in different Districts. These news papers used to organise mass opinion against the British Rule.Apart from those papers there were evening paper published by Brahmabandha Upadhyay namely  " and Sandhya" (1904), English weekly published by Bipin Chandra Pal, namely "New India".
Naturally, Aurabindo felt the necessity of publishing a paper to rouse the sentiment of the people of Bengal. He published a Bengali weekly "Yugantar" from Calcutta, on 12th March, 1906. The logo of this paper was belief of two religions. Trishul and Chakra as a symbol for Hindu and Sword and Half moon as a symbol for Muslim. The aim of this paper was to propagate directly for open rebellion. This paper used to publicise  the ideals of Aurobindo in respect of religion, Complete Independence and construction of new India.
"Yugantar" directly propagated for open rebillion, It also pubilicised the opinion of Karl Marx in favour of workers movement and describe that to  protect the rights of the working class strike is a strong weapon.  
This "paper" circulated movements of the working Class in diffrent countries such as  America, Russia and other places which shows the belief in internationalism.
Moreover Aurobindo was also consciousness about the importance of the relation between the two religions, Hindus and Muslims. Yugantar explained the tradition of India as Unity in Diversity. Different people of Yehudi, Persian, Muslim, Christian etc  came and took shelter in India. The editorial board constituted with the following members,
Barindra Kumar Ghosh, Upendranath banerjee, Debabrata Basu and Bhupendra Nath Dutta. Among the writers there were Aurobindo Ghosh, Bipin Chandra Pal and Sakharam Ganesh Deoskar.
An English daily named "Bandemataram" came to light on 6th Aug 1906 published by Bipin Chandra Pal. At his request Aurobindo Ghosh became the Assistant editor of Bandemataram. This paper accelerated the movement against Division of Bengal and Swadeshi movement.