Monday, September 5, 2011

Vanguerds of Indian Nationalism

The agrarian policy introduced by the British in India was the elimination of the domination of the feudal lords of the ancient India and the development of a new section of capitalist landlords . Its impact was not confined only to the economic sector alone.It extended immense influence of  all spheres of socio-political life.As a logical consequence a new movement emerged based on a new Idea, Nationalism, a product of capitalism
Till the establishment of the British rule,  the eminent scholars of Hindus and Muslims used Sanskrit, Pali or Persia and Arabic for their works, but now new avenues of expressions began to flourish. The two important vehicles of Indian Nationalism were the contemporary   Indian Press and Indian literature which was further accelerated by the formation of Asiatic  Society, founded in Calcutta in 1784. The researches of devoted European and Indian scholars like Sir William Jones, Wilson, Max Muller, and Rajendralal Mitra  convincingly revealed the glories of ancient India.Though there were many attempts from the racist British to malign the past history of India, the patriotic Indians left no stone unturned to uplift the rightful place among the nation of the world. This national self-respect was further encouraged in the last uarter of the 19th century by the formation of different local and National level organisation such as Arya Samaj, Theosophical Society etc.
Birjananda, one of the founder of Arya Samaj.