Sunday, September 11, 2011

Contribution of Rammohan Roy (education)

In a letter to Governor -General lord Amherst, Rammohan Roy pointed out  "to promote a more liberal and enlightened system of education, embracing Mathematics, Natural Philosophy, Chemistry, Anatomy, with other useful science..."
It was, therefore, the British Government following the recommendations in the famous Macaulay Minute (1835) " As it seems to be the opinion of some of the gentlemen who compose the Committee of Public Instruction, that the course which they have hitherto pursued was strictly prescribed by the British Parliament in 1813, and as, if that opinion be correct, a legislative act will be necessary to warrant a change, I have thought it right to refrain from taking any part in the preparation of the adverse statements which are now before us, and to reserve what I had to say on the subject till it should come before me as a member of the Council of India....... I hold this lakh of rupees to be quite at the disposal of the Governor-General in Council for the purpose of promoting learning in India in any way which may be thought most advisable. I hold his Lordship to be quite as free to direct that it shall no longer be employed in encouraging Arabic and Sanskrit, as he is to direct that the reward for killing tigers in Mysore shall be diminished, or that no more public money shall be expended on the chanting at the cathedral.." It was in Bengal that this section emerged first in Bengal and started functioning in a well organised manner.  The Muslim elites, however, turned against modern civilisation because of their nostalgia for the days of Mughal Empire and the desire to revive the mode of life of those days.
there was another reason for Bengal being an example to other regions in renaissance, as it was in the socio-cultural spheres.