The Battles of Sobraon, on the bank of river Sutlej, and thereafter Chillianwalla were decisive in linking up the Gangetic and Indus basin . With the treaty of Lahore in 1846, Punjab became a British Protectorate. The remaining Sikh Empire was thereafter bifurcated into Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh, with Gulab singh being the ruler of Jammu and Kashmir.
In Rajputana, during the period 1825-26, the British invaded Bharatpur with a large force to settle a disputed succession . Hitherto consiered impregnable, after a desparate conflict in Jan 1926 the town's defences were assaulted a number of times by British forces which finally emerged triumphant, but the heroic fight put upby the defenders came as a stunning shock to the British, who suffered staggering casualities.