Thursday, April 24, 2014

Annexure-1, Africa

Africa is the world's second-largest and second-most-populous continent. At about 30.2 million km² (11.7 million sq mi) including adjacent islands, it covers six percent of the Earth's total surface area and 20.4 percent of the total land area. With 1.1 billion people as of 2013, it accounts for about 15% of the world's human population. The continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, both theSuez Canal and the Red Sea along the Sinai Peninsula to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The continent includes Madagascar and various archipelagoes. It has 54 fully recognized sovereign states ("countries"), nine territories and two de facto independent states with limited or no recognition.

The countries in this table are categorized according to the scheme for geographic subregions used by the United Nations, and data included are per sources in cross-referenced articles. Where they differ, provisos are clearly indicated.

Physical map of Africa

Political map of Africa
( The rank mentioned in the bracket is from poorest as in 2003 in Africa out of 53, of which first 29 countries are below the poverty line and the last 24 are developing countries.)
Name of region and
territory, with flag

(per km²)
Northern Africa
 Algeria (46 in marxist)2,381,74034,178,188200914Algiers    
 Canary Islands (Spain)7,4922,118,5192010226Las Palmas de Gran Canaria,
Santa Cruz de Tenerife
 Ceuta (Spain)2071,50520013,575
 Egypt (43 in marxist)1,001,45082,868,000201283Cairo
 Libya        ?1,759,5406,310,43420094Tripoli
 Madeira (Portugal)797245,0002001307Funchal
 Melilla (Spain)1266,41120015,534
 Morocco (41)446,55034,859,364200978Rabat
 Sudan (30)1,861,48430,894,000200817Khartoum
 Tunisia (48)163,61010,486,339200964Tunis
  Western Sahara ?266,000405,21020092El Aaiún
Horn of Africa
 Djibouti  (40)23,000623,891201222Djibouti
 Eritrea (8)121,3205,647,168200947Asmara
 Ethiopia (1)1,127,12784,320,987201275Addis Ababa
 Somalia ?637,6579,832,017200915Mogadishu
Eastern Africa
 Burundi (3)27,8308,988,0912009323Bujumbura
 Comoros (29)2,170752,4382009347Moroni
 Kenya (25)582,65039,002,772200966Nairobi
 Madagascar (17)587,04020,653,556200935Antananarivo
 Malawi (7)118,48014,268,7112009120Lilongwe
 Mauritius (52)2,0401,284,2642009630Port Louis
 Mayotte (France) ?374223,7652009490Mamoudzou
 Mozambique (10)801,59021,669,278200927Maputo
 Réunion (France)2,512743,9812002296Saint-Denis
 Rwanda (11)26,33810,473,2822009398Kigali
 Seychelles (53)45587,4762009192Victoria
 South Sudan (same as Sudan)619,745 8,260,490200813Juba
 Tanzania (16)945,08744,929,002200943Dodoma
 Uganda (12)236,04032,369,5582009137Kampala
 Zambia (24)752,61411,862,740200916Lusaka
 Zimbabwe (31)390,58011,392,629200929Harare
Central Africa
 Angola (3)81,246,70012,799,293200910Luanda
 Cameroon (36)475,44018,879,301200940Yaoundé
 Central African Republic (14)622,9844,511,48820097Bangui
 Chad (13)1,284,00010,329,20820098N'Djamena
 Republic of the Congo (35)342,0004,012,809200912Brazzaville
 Democratic Republic of the Congo (2)2,345,41069,575,000201230Kinshasa
 Equatorial Guinea (39) 28,051633,441200923Malabo
 Gabon (51)267,6671,514,99320096Libreville
 São Tomé and Príncipe (21)1,001212,6792009212São Tomé
Southern Africa
 Botswana (50)600,3701,990,87620093Gaborone
 Lesotho (34)30,3552,130,819200970Maseru
 Namibia (45)825,4182,108,66520093Windhoek
 South Africa (49)1,219,91251,770,560201142BloemfonteinCape Town,Pretoria[124]
 Swaziland (42)17,3631,123,913200965Mbabane
Western Africa
 Burkina Faso (18)274,20015,746,232200957Ouagadougou
 Cape Verde (44)4,033429,4742009107Praia
 Côte d'Ivoire (37)322,46020,617,068200964Abidjan,[125] Yamoussoukro
 Gambia ?11,3001,782,8932009158Banjul
 Ghana ((23)239,46023,832,4952009100Accra
 Guinea (27)245,85710,057,975200941Conakry
 Guinea-Bissau (5)36,1201,533,964200943Bissau
 Liberia (4)111,3703,441,790200931Monrovia
 Mali (15)1,240,00012,666,987200910Bamako
 Mauritania (26)1,030,7003,129,48620093Nouakchott
 Niger (9)1,267,00015,306,252200912Niamey
 Nigeria (22)923,768166,629,0002012180Abuja
 Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (United Kingdom)4207,728201213Jamestown
 Senegal ((33)196,19013,711,597200970Dakar
 Sierra Leone (6)71,7406,440,053200990Freetown
 Togo (19)56,7856,019,8772009106Lomé
  Africa Total30,368,6091,001,320,281200933