Belarus's industrial base is relatively well-developed and diversified
compared to other newly independent states. Industry accounted for 42% of GDP in
2000. Belarus's main industries are engineering, machine tools, agricultural
equipment, fertilizer, chemicals, defense-related products, prefabricated
construction materials, motor vehicles, motorcycles, textiles, threads, and some
consumer products, such as refrigerators, watches, televisions, and radios. The
types of motor vehicles produced are off-highway dump trucks with up to
110-metric-ton load capacity, tractors, earth movers for construction and
mining, and 25-metric-ton trucks for use in roadless and tundra areas.
While there had been an increase in industrial production as of 2002, a high
volume of unsold industrial goods remain stocked in warehouses, due to high
overhead costs that make Belarusian products uncompetitive on the world market.
Belarus has taken few steps to privatize state-owned industries: it was
estimated that around 10% of all Belarusian enterprises were privatized as of